kidney Cancer Treatment

Kidney cancer, also called renal cancer. Nearly 4 percent of all new cancers diagnosed are kidney cancers, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, protected by the lower ribcage. Although the body has two kidneys, only part of one kidney is necessary to function. The main job of the kidneys is to filter blood and remove excess water, salt and other substances from the body. Most of these fluids run though tubes called renal tubules, which filter fluids in the kidney before the waste (urine) is discharged into the bladder. Most kidney tumors form when the cells that line these tubules, renal cells, mutate and grow out of control. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer.

Risk factors for kidney cancer include:


2. Smoking

3. Kidney dialysis

4. High blood pressure

5. A family history of kidney cancer or kidney disease


Warning signs of kidney cancer may include Fatigue,  Lower back pain or pressure, A lump or mass on the lower back.

Kidney cancer diagnostics

A variety of tests and procedures may be used to diagnose kidney cancer. They include:

Imaging tests, especially a CT scan, PET/CT scan or MRI


Treating kidney cancer

Surgery is the first-line treatment option for most patients with renal cell carcinoma. Depending on the type and stage of the disease, we may perform a variety of procedures. We may also remove nearby fatty tissue to test for the presence of cancer. If kidney cancer has metastasized, your treatment team may combine surgery with targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Your team of doctors will assess the various aspects of your disease and recommend a treatment plan tailored to your individual needs. Examples of surgical procedures used to treat kidney cancer include:

1.       Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) requires less recovery time and causes less bleeding than open surgery. An LRN is performed by making a few small incisions, instead of one large incision. Once the incisions are made, a surgical oncologist uses a laparoscope (long tube with small camera attached to the end) to help guide removal of the kidney.

2.       Partial nephrectomy is performed when it is important to preserve kidney function. This includes people who have cancer in both kidneys, low kidney function, or people with one kidney. Your surgical oncologist may recommend this surgery even if these issues don’t pertain to you, to maintain as much kidney function as possible.



Chemotherapy may be recommended for patients diagnosed with renal sarcoma, which is an extremely rare form of kidney cancer.

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy is designed to identify receptors and proteins unique to specific cancer cells. Once attached to the targeted cancer cells, these drugs kill the cells or help other therapies, such as chemotherapy, work better. Among the drugs used in targeted therapy are so-called tyrosine kinase inhibitors, which target specific enzymes called protein kinases that help regulate cell growth. They also may inhibit new blood supplies that help the cancer survive, causing the cancer cells to die.

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    H. No. 18 DRM ROAD,  Shakti Nagar, Bhopal, (M. P.)

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    Neha Clinic Behind Apsara Cinema, Govindpura, Bhopal, (M. P.)

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